Amazing Samba School History

The History of Samba Schools Is Full of Details, From Their Origin to the Beginnig of Competitions

Till about the early twentieth century, Rio carnivals were focused on Waltzes, Polkas, Scottish and Mazurkas music. Poles, Gypsies, Afro Brazilians and Russian Jews who also formed the working class of the community composed the rhythm and the harmonies. These crowds conveniently placed themselves in Rio amidst dockyards situated on the hills. The place they occupied was fondly called as ‘Little Africa’, which contributes greatly to Samba history. They brought with them the mesmerizing traditional Bahian dance steps and the fascinating Candomble moves which were performed at religious ceremonies.

Since the African religions were banned in a catholic subjected Brazil, Samba was not accepted by the Western Aristocrats for an incredibly long time. Parading styles of Samba schools is a direct mimic of the parading groups, which performed in the nineteenth century. The flag holding pairs, floats, the Vanguard Commission and themes were elements of the Carnival back then. Now they assume great importance as components of the Samba school carnival.

Samba history

The First Known Samba School

A group called the Deixa Falar from Estacio districts located on the hills beyond Praca Onze was the first to call itself as ‘the Samba School ‘according to Samba history. They conjured up the name once the group decided to meet near a local school. Deixa Falar lay it’s foundation in 1926 and the very next school to do so was Mangueira in 1928. Later on, the Deixa Falar group split up and re-organized under the name of Estacio de Sa. The schools create a spirit of fraternity among the people of the community. Many schools have political involvements and are well-organized bodies that function in the slums. Carnival preparations, Samba nights and other rehearsals call for the participation of masses of people.

Well-known Samba Schools in Rio

According to Samba history, schools at Rio de Janeiro actually belonged to soccer clubs and have famous football teams. The schools were established in areas where clubs played. At competitions, Samba schools from the 30s and 20’s saw many successes and failures. That’s why, year after year, they spend a lot of time creating an element of uniqueness for the parade. Unidos da Tijuca, Salgueiro, Grande Rio, Mocidade and Beija Flora are some of the well-known Samba schools today.

The Beginning of Competitions

Competitions gained an important place in Rio Carnival and Samba history in the early 19th century. In 1929, Deixa Falar paraded on the grounds of Praca Onze. In the subsequent year, five schools followed suite but Deixa Falar ended up wining consecutively for two years. As the years went by, the number of contestants in the parade increased to about nineteen. ’O Globo’ which is the largest Brazilian media group sponsored the parades in 1932 and 1933. This group created a judges list of criteria for judging parades at the Carnival.

Competitions Nowadays

Every year, the competitions get only tougher. Samba schools get eighty minutes to carry out their parade at the Sambodromo. Carnival Fridays are set apart for children’s parades for displaying music, theatre, dance, Samba history and art. Contending groups give their best and put up entertaining performances in hopes of joining the league of major competitors. A select twelve Samba schools contest for two days to win the championship.

Present day competions

Carnival Music and Themes

Brazil is represented by the musical genre of Samba schools. Every school performs stories, which are theme based. The themes vary between politics, sports and arts with a spectacular display of colorful costumes, choreography and Carnival songs. Competitions are innovative and are filled with surprises for celebrators. It is said in Samba history that the Africans passed on Samba cadences to the Brazilians during the period of slavery. Nowadays, this forms an important part of Brazilian cultural heritage. Bigger Samba schools are comprised of percussionists, dancers, stewards, musicians and talented artists to three thousand in number. A thousand members work behind the curtains to take care of the minor details of the performance to ensure that their participants walk away with the grand prize.

Carnival Dates and Venue

From the start of Samba history till 1984, the streets of Rio de Janeiro were the chief stage. Then, Oscar Niemeyer, a renowned architect constructed the parading stadium called the Sambadrome. The Carnival at Rio is always set for 40 days prior to Easter Sunday in keeping with the Catholic Calendar. As lent days differ each year, the Carnival dates also differ. The Rio Carnival of 2019 is scheduled for 01st March 2019 to 04th March 2019.

Rio Carnival 2019

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