Botanic Garden

The Botanic Garden Is A Calm Place Where You Can Admire The Nature And Understand More About The Brazilian History.

Rio's flora is just as vibrant and colorful as the people. The Botanic Garden or Jardim Botanico, located north of Leblon and Ipanema in the South Zone, near Lake Rodrigo de Freitas, is an amazing tropical plant-filled oasis. The air is always filled with the sweet aroma of fruit trees and flowers, and the sounds of tropical bird song. The entire garden is built around a residential neighborhood with its main road known as Rua Jardim Botanico eventually leading to the Tijuca Forest. During the Rio Carnival, a street band called "Suvaco do Cristo" or 'Armpit of Christ', hosts a street party along the streets of the Botanic Garden. Incidentally, the area falls under the right armpit of the Christ the Redeemer statue, Rio's most famous landmark. The garden that was founded by John VI of Portugal in 1808 has been open to the public since 1822.

A tropical paradise within a city

A tropical paradise within a city

Botanic Garden is home to over 2,600 species of plants and abundant wildlife as well. Lending to its charm is the perfect mix of flora from the tropical forest, ponds, and sculptures that spread over 338 acres of the garden. The garden is also home to Marmoset monkeys, Toucans, and a paradise for a variety of brilliantly colored butterflies. The best way to enjoy Botanic Garden is a slow, leisurely walk through the mixture of pruned garden and wild forest. The impressive entrance, flanked by rows of majestic palm trees on either side, leads to a fountain that greets visitors. What's unique about these palms is that they all originated from a single tree, the Palma Mater, which was destroyed by lightning.

Exotic plants from around the world

Among the numerous species of tropical and subtropical plants and trees are over 900 species of palms. You will find a variety of orchids, bromeliads and other exotic plants from around the world, which includes nutmeg, pepper, cinnamon, and other spices that were imported from the East Indies. A Japanese-modeled garden is one of the main attractions at Botanic Garden with several small waterfall, a carp-filled lake, and ornate sculptures, in addition to the exotic plants including bamboo, bonsai, and cherry trees. Botanic Garden has a savage side to it. While 40% of the park is landscaped, the rest of is part of the Tijuca Forest that leads up the slopes of Corcovado Mountain. Don't be surprised to find a bunch of curious marmosets or howler monkeys watching you. UNESCO has recognized the park as a biosphere reserve since 1992.

Getting around the garden

The Botanic Garden is also home to a research institute where a number of taxonomists involved in the conservation of Brazil's flora having set up base. The garden is birdwatcher's paradise with over 140 species of birds including parakeets, toucans, guans, and the slaty-breasted rail to be found. Other major attractions include Lago Frei Leandro, a pond filled with Victoria water lilies, the insectivorous greenhouse, and an old gunpowder factory. The best way to get to Botanic Garden is by Bus 125 from Copacabana Beach. Entry to the garden is R$ 5. A leaflet with a map is provided at the entrance. There is also a visitor center. Electric car tours are available for seniors, pregnant women, and other visitors with special needs.

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